Commit 770a4611 authored by Johannes Winter's avatar Johannes Winter

+ videoconferencing, etherpads

+ german translation
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---
title: "Software recommendations"
description: "Here you find the results of the solidbase software research compressed to a commented list of software recommendations."
date: 2020-02-18
date: 2020-02-25
---
# SolidBase Software recommendations
For the erasmus+ project *solid base* we conducted a survey where we asked *Solidarity based Food Systems* (SFS) which software is in use by them. Combined with prior and ongoing research in the [*Free and Libre Open Source Software* (FLOSS)](https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/floss-and-foss.en.html) milieu, we can now give the following recommendations for dedicated CSA tools and for tools of more general applicability.
......@@ -22,13 +22,14 @@ In europe several flavors of CSA emerged from the various regions. In France var
Interestingly all other dedicated CSA tools have origins in Switzerland. But [sunu](http://www.sunu.eu) [(demo)](https://sunuwwwtest.applicationcloud.io), which is coordinated by an association spread over Germany, is working on the adaptation of the Swiss development [OpenOlitor](http://www.openolitor.ch) [(demo)](https://wwwtest.openolitor.ch) to global applicability. In the first phase they concentrate on implementing features special to German circumstances, i.e. the ability to map monetary contributions to the Solawi of individual height and the ability to generate direct debit lists compatible with European bank standards. Another intriguing feature is the complete adaptability with direct access to the database using SQL queries. The coding is done by the professional Swiss software company [Tegonal](https://www.tegonal.com/) in [Scala](https://www.scala-lang.org/).
A very complete solution which leave no need for ACPs from the [FRACP](https://www.fracp.ch) network (Fédération Romande d’Agriculture Contractuelle de Proximité - French-speaking Federation of Contractual Agriculture of Proximity) unfullfilled is the development done by a member of [Rage de Vert](https://www.ragedevert.ch/) is [ACPAdmin](https://github.com/ragedevert/acp-admin). Some more ACPs are now using it, one german speaking ACP is testing it.
A very complete solution which leave no need for ACPs from the [FRACP](https://www.fracp.ch) network (Fédération Romande d’Agriculture Contractuelle de Proximité - French-speaking Federation of Contractual Agriculture of Proximity) unfullfilled is the development done by a member of [Rage de Vert](https://www.ragedevert.ch/) is [ACPAdmin](https://acp-admin.ch/). Some more ACPs are now using it, one german speaking ACP is testing it.
This tool is (currently) the only tool that implements an automatic calculation of the crop allocation.
[Juntagrico (JA)](https://github.com/juntagricojuntagrico) is a development by the german speaking CSA Ortoloco, more connected to the [solawi.ch](https://www.solawi.ch) network. It is quite a neat webtool for compulsory co-worker management, distributed members administration including their deposits and delivery planning.
[Juntagrico (JA)](https://github.com/juntagricojuntagrico) is a development by the german speaking CSA Ortoloco, more connected to the [solawi.ch](https://www.solawi.ch) network. It is quite a neat webtool for compulsory co-worker management, distributed members administration including their cooperative deposits and delivery planning.
Another interesting development out of FRACP is [CakeACP](https://gitlab.com/zpartakov/cakeACP/). It is build on top of the ERP [dolibarr](https://www.dolibarr.org/). This is an interesting concept as it allows for a quite complete administration of the ACP.
Within the [Solawi network](https://www.solidarische-landwirtschaft.org) some custom tailored solution based on [drupal](https://www.drupal.org/) emerged that can fulfill even the administrative needs of a 1800 member Solawi. Alas these solutions are not yet publicly availbale. For details get into contact.
Within the [Solawi network](https://www.solidarische-landwirtschaft.org) some custom tailored solutions based on [drupal](https://www.drupal.org/) emerged that can fulfill even the administrative needs of a 1800 member Solawi. Alas these solutions are not yet publicly availbale. For details get into contact. For example using our [discourse forum](https://discourse.solawi.allmende.io/c/SolidBase).
## Dedicated foodcoop tools
......@@ -73,7 +74,7 @@ Two offline MS-Windows based tools for the management of the first wave of box d
Only one (which is good, as concentration could be put onto it) **FLOSS tool** seems to be active in the field of farm management: [Farm OS]( https://farmos.org). It is a web-based application for farm management, planning, and record keeping. It is being developed with the aim of providing a standard platform for agricultural data collection and management. In the originating country US, FLOSS usage in agriculture is going fast through networking: [OpenTEAM - Open Technology Ecosystem for Agricultural Management](https://openteam.community/).
## Members administration
In the association management category there had been no report about any FLOSS web tool that is used in production. Altgough [Galette](http://galette.eu/) has good prospects to become a membership administrative tool of global applicability. Another similar development could be of interest for French SFS: [Garradin](https://garradin.eu/).
In the association management category there had been no report about any FLOSS web tool that is used in production. Although [Galette](http://galette.eu/) has good prospects to become a membership administrative tool of global applicability. Another similar development could be of interest for French SFS: [Garradin](https://garradin.eu/).
One tool that is used in Germany by some Solawis is the Java based offline tool [JVerein](http://www.jverein.de).
......@@ -86,7 +87,7 @@ The Geeks4Change also developed some drupal modules for [Open Membership Managem
## Bookkeeping
The world of bookkeeping and accounting is one of the first realms that became digitalised. Hundreds of commercial bookkeeping and enterprise ressource planning solutions are competing at the market. Only few FLOSS tools have emerged in this highly capitalized field. One very powerful tool from the [GNU](https://www.gnu.org/software/) universe is [GNUCash](https://www.gnucash.org/). It sticks to the basics and has complete double-entry accounting functionality. You should be trained in essential concepts of accounting before using it.
The world of bookkeeping and accounting is one of the first realms that became digitalised. Hundreds of commercial bookkeeping and enterprise ressource planning solutions are competing at the market. Only few FLOSS tools have emerged in this highly capitalized field. One very powerful tool, fully internationalized, from the [GNU](https://www.gnu.org/software/) universe is [GNUCash](https://www.gnucash.org/). It sticks to the basics and has complete double-entry accounting functionality. You should be trained in essential concepts of accounting before using it.
In Germany another FLOSS tool is quite popular that uses the same platform ([Jamaica](https://www.willuhn.de/products/jameica/)) as the association management tool [JVerein](http://www.jverein.de): [Hibiscus](https://www.willuhn.de/products/hibiscus/).
Notable free online tools are [Bokio](https://www.bokio.co.uk) from the UK and [Szlamlazz](https://www.szamlazz.hu) from hungary.
......@@ -112,7 +113,7 @@ For more complete business organisation you might want to use an enterprise ress
A simple smartphone app to track the time needed to fulfill some work in the fields is [BeetClock](http://www.beetclock.com). It allows for direct integration into the [NOFA](https://nofa.org/) Enterprise Analysis Workbook,a whole-farm recordkeeping system developed by [Richard Wiswall](https://www.richardwiswall.com/), author of *The Organic Farmer's Business Handbook*.
For planning and recording the labor our the regular staff is doing, some SFS are experimenting with using the proprietary web app [Toggl](https://toggl.com).
For planning and recording the labor the regular staff is doing, some SFS are experimenting with using the proprietary web app [Toggl](https://toggl.com).
In Norway some CSA made good experience with using the volunteer coordinating tool [Rubic](https://rubic.no) out of the sports club world.
......@@ -143,9 +144,9 @@ Mailchimp is an advanced all-in-one newsletter solution and is integrated by [AC
### Messaging
The future of messaging if decentralized. You can choose from
The future of messaging is decentralized. You can choose from
- https://matrix.org : most sophisticated protocol, team and personal chatting, bridges to other messenger islands
- https://matrix.org : most sophisticated protocol, team and personal chatting, bridges to other messenger bubbles
- https://rocket.chat : intuitive UX
- https://telegram.org/ : popular and apparently reasonable secure
- https://signal.org : uses standard mobile numbers as identifiers, very secure
......@@ -157,13 +158,13 @@ One Solawi ist also using the proprietary tool [muut](https://muut.com).
### Social media
Facebook is heavily criticized for it's data gathering, policy making and arbitrary message routing practices. See [Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook%E2%80%93Cambridge_Analytica_data_scandal) as an example. Nonetheless large parts of the population use it for logging their everyday activities. Hence it is seen as a valuable field for member recruitment for copious SFS.
Facebook is heavily criticized for it's data gathering, policy making and arbitrary message routing practices. See [Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook%E2%80%93Cambridge_Analytica_data_scandal) as an example. Nonetheless large parts of the population use it for logging their everyday activities. Hence it is seen as a valuable field for member recruitment for copious SFS. There does even exist a successful buying group concept in Finland called [REKO](http://urgenci.net/reko-a-winning-concept-in-finland/) that relies entirely on Facebook.
[Twitter](https://twitter.com) is now one of the most important tools to get news from A to B. [A twitter CEO lately announced to be willing to move to a OpenSource decentralized structure](https://twitter.com/jack/status/1204766078468911106), what actually already exists in the the free software universe and is called the [Fediverse](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fediverse) with [Mastodon](https://joinmastodon.org/) as a suitable entry point.
### Content Management Systems (CMS)
This is what runs a (normal) website. All CMS of interest are libre software now. Next to [WordPress](https://wordpress.com) which is offered by almost all hosters, other CMS in use are:
This is basically the user interface to a website. All CMS of interest are libre software now. Next to [WordPress](https://wordpress.org) which is offered by almost all hosters, other CMS in use are:
- https://www.concrete5.org/
- https://hexo.io/
......@@ -174,7 +175,9 @@ This is what runs a (normal) website. All CMS of interest are libre software now
### Environments for collaboration: clouds
Next to the conventional gdrive and dropbox the FLOSS [Nextcloud](https://nextcloud.com/) is used by several CSAs. It not only enables filesharing (very soon also with end-to-end rncryption) but also sharing of contacts, calendars, tasks and forms. Even online collaborative document editing and video calls work on well set up servers. You can sign up to some example providers directly on the [nextcloud website](https://nextcloud.com/providers/) but it is also a core offer of most libre hosters.
Next to the conventional gdrive and dropbox the FLOSS [Nextcloud](https://nextcloud.com/) is used by more and more CSAs. It not only enables filesharing (very soon also with end-to-end rncryption) but also sharing of contacts, calendars, tasks and forms. Even online collaborative document editing and video calls work on well set up servers. You can sign up to some example providers directly on the [nextcloud website](https://nextcloud.com/providers/) but it is also a core offer of most libre hosters.
Quite revolutionary for online collaborations was the development of etherpads. Next to the herited [etherpad-lite](https://github.com/ether/etherpad-lite) ([public servers](https://github.com/ether/etherpad-lite/wiki/Sites-that-run-Etherpad-Lite#ssl-enabled-secure-data-transfer)) more advanced editors now also exist, like [codiMD](https://github.com/codimd/server) and [cryptPad](https://cryptpad.fr/). Note, that also public spreadsheet functionality is often of great use. See https://ethercalc.net/ for that. This is very useful as a fallback and when you don't have a nextcloud running currently.
Some other environments might deserve a look:
......@@ -185,7 +188,15 @@ Some other environments might deserve a look:
Surveys are a great way to invite feedback from SFS members or for recruiting new members.
Commercial internet tools like [Google Forms](https://www.google.com/forms/about/), [SurveyMonkey](https://www.surveymonkey.com/), [KwikSurveys](https://kwiksurveys.com/) or [cognito forms](https://www.cognitoforms.com) offer an easy and free way to create online surveys. However, with these proprietary apps, you don’t have any control over the data gathered from the questionnaires.
Various alternatives are available. [KoBo Toolbox](https://www.kobotoolbox.org) offers free registration on their homepage and some other interesting FLOSS solutions that require hosting are also possible to use. These are [Drupal webforms](https://www.drupal.org/project/webform), [Limesurvey](https://www.limesurvey.org) and [OhMyForm](http://ohmyform.com). URGENCI, the International CSA Network, has in the past deployed Limesurvey for questionnaires of several European projects. You can find the poll of current surveys at: https://questionnaires.urgenci.net.
Various alternatives are available. [KoBo Toolbox](https://www.kobotoolbox.org) offers free registration on their homepage and some other interesting FLOSS solutions that require hosting are also possible to use. These are [Drupal webforms](https://www.drupal.org/project/webform), [Limesurvey](https://www.limesurvey.org) and [OhMyForm](http://ohmyform.com). There's also a simple [form plugin for nextcloud](https://apps.nextcloud.com/apps/forms).
URGENCI, the International CSA Network, has in the past deployed Limesurvey for questionnaires of several European projects. You can find the current surveys at: https://questionnaires.urgenci.net.
### Videoconferencing
Videoconferencing, especially with many people, is still no trivial task for communication technology. Skype, as a Microsoft owned technology, is [criticized heavily for it's data gathering practices](https://www.computerworld.com/article/2474090/new-snowden-revelation-shows-skype-may-be-privacy-s-biggest-enemy.html). As a response the proprietory US based platform [zoom](https://zoom.us/) is now used widely.
The libre software [jitsy](https://jitsi.org/) is unbeaten for it's easiness of use and it's high quality connections. But you need [a well set up, not overloaded server and good bandwith](https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/wiki/Jitsi-Meet-Instances#ssl-enabled-secure-data-transfer) (better no WIFI) to make it a pleasurable experience.
## Providers for online communication
......@@ -196,6 +207,8 @@ Various alternatives are available. [KoBo Toolbox](https://www.kobotoolbox.org)
### Selection of libre hosters
- https://weho.st
- https://www.webarchitects.coop/
- https://www.hostsharing.net/
- https://indie.host/
- https://disroot.org/
- https://www.datenkollektiv.net
......@@ -208,7 +221,6 @@ Various alternatives are available. [KoBo Toolbox](https://www.kobotoolbox.org)
- https://protonet.com/
### Costing
- https://www.hostsharing.net/
- https://www.gandi.net
- https://www.manitu.de/
- https://www.df.eu/
......
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