Commit b911352d authored by Johannes Winter's avatar Johannes Winter

extended explanation of librehosting, fixing typos

parent c37aafa8
...@@ -3,4 +3,4 @@ title: "Presentation about dedicated SFS tools" ...@@ -3,4 +3,4 @@ title: "Presentation about dedicated SFS tools"
date: 2018-08-01 date: 2018-08-01
--- ---
See the presentation on <https://presi_sfs.solidbase.info> See the presentation on <https://sfslides.solidbase.info>
...@@ -4,27 +4,28 @@ description: "Here you find the results of the solidbase software research compr ...@@ -4,27 +4,28 @@ description: "Here you find the results of the solidbase software research compr
date: 2018-09-04 date: 2018-09-04
--- ---
# SolidBase Software recommendations # SolidBase Software recommendations
For the erasmus+ project *solid base* we conducted a survey where we asked *Solidarity based Food Systems* (SFS) which software they are using. Combined with prior research in the [*Free and Libre Open Source Software* (FLOSS)](https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/floss-and-foss.en.html) milieu we can now give the following recommendations for dedicated CSA tools and also for tools of more general applicability. For the erasmus+ project *solid base* we conducted a survey where we asked *Solidarity based Food Systems* (SFS) which software is in use by them. Combined with prior research in the [*Free and Libre Open Source Software* (FLOSS)](https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/floss-and-foss.en.html) milieu, we can now give the following recommendations for dedicated CSA tools and for tools of more general applicability.
## Office tools of general purpose ## General purpose office tools of
If you start a SFS you don't need any special software. Just install the general purpose office suite [LibreOffice](https://www.libreoffice.org/) and [Thunderbird](https://www.thunderbird.net). If you don't want any third party to spy through your windows, use a [Linux](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux) distribution, e.g. [Linux Mint](https://linuxmint.com/). Maybe arrange a mailinglist at your preferred [Librehoster](#providers-for-online-communication), and your ready to go! If you start a SFS you don't need any special software. Just install the general purpose office suite [LibreOffice](https://www.libreoffice.org/) and the offline email client [Thunderbird](https://www.thunderbird.net). If you don't want any third party to spy through your windows, use a [Linux](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux) distribution, e.g. [Linux Mint](https://linuxmint.com/). Maybe arrange a mailinglist with your preferred [Librehoster](#providers-for-online-communication), and your ready to go!
In our survey we found no special solutions in productive use for the the three groups of SFS activity **crop planning, delivery planning and budget planning**. Either these are fulfilled with the dedicated CSA tools or they are done with **spreadsheets**. In our survey we found no special solutions in productive use for the the three groups of SFS activity **crop planning, delivery planning and budget planning**. Either these are fulfilled with the dedicated CSA tools or they are done with **spreadsheets**.
## Dedicated CSA tools ## Dedicated CSA tools
In europe several colours of CSA emerged from the various regions. In France several solutions are competing for the users attention. The most notable are: In europe several flavors of CSA emerged from the various regions. In France various solutions are competing for the users attention. The most notable are:
- [AMAPJ](http://amapj.fr/) A development from an AMAP of the Drôme written in Java. Well done documentation available on the website.
- [AMAPJ](http://amapj.fr/) is a development from an AMAP of the Drôme written in Java. Well done documentation is available on the website.
- [Cagette.net](https://www.cagette.net/) had been developed by the agency for training producers in digital skills and communication for food short circuit projects [Alilo](https://www.alilo.fr/). Very clean GUI, good mapping functionality. Written in [HAXE](https://haxe.org/) - [Cagette.net](https://www.cagette.net/) had been developed by the agency for training producers in digital skills and communication for food short circuit projects [Alilo](https://www.alilo.fr/). Very clean GUI, good mapping functionality. Written in [HAXE](https://haxe.org/)
- [AMAPress](http://amapress.fr/) is a WordPress plugin for enabling the easy organisation of AMAPs - [AMAPress](http://amapress.fr/) is a WordPress plugin for enabling the easy organisation of AMAPs
From the AMAP sister CSA-concept GASAP in Belgium comes the interesting foodcoop software derivation [RePanier](https://repanier.be). This uses the Django framework. From the AMAP sister CSA-concept GASAP in Belgium originates the interesting foodcoop software derivative [RePanier](https://repanier.be). This uses the Django framework and has thus support for i18n.
Interestingly all other investigated tools have origins in Switzerland. But [sunu](http://www.sunu.eu), which is now coordinated by an association spread over Germany, is working on the adaptation of the Swiss development [OpenOlitor](http://www.openolitor.ch) to global applicabiltiy. In the first phase they concentrate on implementing features special to german circumstances. The coding is done by the professional Swiss software company [Tegonal](https://www.tegonal.com/) in [Scala](https://www.scala-lang.org/). Interestingly all other investigated tools have origins in Switzerland. But [sunu](http://www.sunu.eu), which is now coordinated by an association spread over Germany, is working on the adaptation of the Swiss development [OpenOlitor](http://www.openolitor.ch) to global applicabiltiy. In the first phase they concentrate on implementing features special to german circumstances. The coding is done by the professional Swiss software company [Tegonal](https://www.tegonal.com/) in [Scala](https://www.scala-lang.org/).
A very complete solution which leaved no need for ACPs from the [FRACP](https://www.fracp.ch) network unfullfilled is the development done by a member of [Rage de Vert](https://www.ragedevert.ch/) is [ACPAdmin](https://github.com/ragedevert/acp-admin). Some more ACPs are now using it, one german speaking ACP is testing it. A very complete solution which leave no need for ACPs from the [FRACP](https://www.fracp.ch) network unfullfilled is the development done by a member of [Rage de Vert](https://www.ragedevert.ch/) is [ACPAdmin](https://github.com/ragedevert/acp-admin). Some more ACPs are now using it, one german speaking ACP is testing it.
Another interesting development out of this french speaking network is [CakeACP](https://gitlab.com/zpartakov/cakeACP/). It is build on top of the ERP [dolibarr](https://www.dolibarr.org/). This is an interesting concept as it allows for a quite complete administration of the ACP. Another interesting development out of this french speaking network is [CakeACP](https://gitlab.com/zpartakov/cakeACP/). It is build on top of the ERP [dolibarr](https://www.dolibarr.org/). This is an interesting concept as it allows for a quite complete administration of the ACP.
[Juntagrico (JA)](https://github.com/juntagricojuntagrico) is an development by the german speaking CSA ortoloco, more connected to the solawi.ch network. It is quite a small Django plugin with elaborated features for compulsory co-worker management and distributed members administration. [Juntagrico (JA)](https://github.com/juntagricojuntagrico) is an development by the german speaking CSA Ortoloco, more connected to the [solawi.ch](https://www.solawi.ch) network. It is quite a small Django plugin with elaborated features for compulsory co-worker management and distributed members administration.
## Dedicated foodcoop tools ## Dedicated foodcoop tools
...@@ -47,6 +48,10 @@ SEPA generation | | x | | | | ...@@ -47,6 +48,10 @@ SEPA generation | | x | | | |
Volunteer Management | x | x | | | x | Volunteer Management | x | x | | | x |
<br> <br>
See details and screenshots of these specialized tools on https://sfslides.solidbase.info/
## Garden/farm planners ## Garden/farm planners
The field of market gardener / farm management tools is old and a lot of money circulates in the conventional farming industry. The biggest players in agrotechnology united to create [365FarmNet](https://www.365farmnet.com). It is a complete solution for managing all aspects of farming, free for small farms. If you don't care about data souvereignty this is the way to go. The field of market gardener / farm management tools is old and a lot of money circulates in the conventional farming industry. The biggest players in agrotechnology united to create [365FarmNet](https://www.365farmnet.com). It is a complete solution for managing all aspects of farming, free for small farms. If you don't care about data souvereignty this is the way to go.
...@@ -68,8 +73,8 @@ An very well elaborated free but not libre association management tool for Germa ...@@ -68,8 +73,8 @@ An very well elaborated free but not libre association management tool for Germa
## Bookkeeping ## Bookkeeping
The world of bookkeeping and accounting is one of the first realms that became digitalised. Hundreds of commercial bookkeeping and enterprise ressource planning solutions are competing at the market. Only few FLOSS tools have emerged in this highly capitalized field. One very powerful tool from the [GNU](https://www.gnu.org/software/) network is [GNUCash](https://www.gnucash.org/). It sticks to the basics and has complete double-entry accounting functionality. You should be trained in basic concepts of accounting before using it.+ The world of bookkeeping and accounting is one of the first realms that became digitalised. Hundreds of commercial bookkeeping and enterprise ressource planning solutions are competing at the market. Only few FLOSS tools have emerged in this highly capitalized field. One very powerful tool from the [GNU](https://www.gnu.org/software/) network is [GNUCash](https://www.gnucash.org/). It sticks to the basics and has complete double-entry accounting functionality. You should be trained in basic concepts of accounting before using it.
In germany another FLOSS tool is quite popular that uses the same platform ([Jamaica](https://www.willuhn.de/products/jameica/)) as the association management tool JVerein: [Hibiscus](https://www.willuhn.de/products/hibiscus/) Although this is also an offline tool, it's quite practical to easily share information across this platform. In germany another FLOSS tool is quite popular that uses the same platform ([Jamaica](https://www.willuhn.de/products/jameica/)) as the association management tool [JVerein](http://www.jverein.de): [Hibiscus](https://www.willuhn.de/products/hibiscus/) Although this is also an offline tool, it's quite practical to easily share information across this platform.
Notable free online tools are [Bokio](https://www.bokio.co.uk) from the UK and [Szlamlazz](https://www.szamlazz.hu) from hungary. Notable free online tools are [Bokio](https://www.bokio.co.uk) from the UK and [Szlamlazz](https://www.szamlazz.hu) from hungary.
...@@ -89,55 +94,58 @@ For more complete business organisation you might want to use an enterprise ress ...@@ -89,55 +94,58 @@ For more complete business organisation you might want to use an enterprise ress
- https://www.odoo.com/ (Base of cooperative shopping systems by [Coop IT easy](http://coopiteasy.be/)) - https://www.odoo.com/ (Base of cooperative shopping systems by [Coop IT easy](http://coopiteasy.be/))
- https://erpnext.com/ (Next generation FLOSS ERP, already equipped with basic agricultural functionalities) - https://erpnext.com/ (Next generation FLOSS ERP, already equipped with basic agricultural functionalities)
## Work planning ## Working time planning
For planning and recording the labour our the regular staff is doing some are experimenting with using the proprietary web app [Toggl](https://toggl.com). For planning and recording the labor our the regular staff is doing, some SFS are experimenting with using the proprietary web app [Toggl](https://toggl.com).
In norway some CSA ad good experience with using the volunteer coordinating tool [Rubic](https://rubic.no) out of the sports club world. From the US is coming the successful free but pitily not libre tool [volunteersignup](https://www.volunteersignup.org). In norway some CSA made good experience with using the volunteer coordinating tool [Rubic](https://rubic.no) out of the sports club world. From the US is coming the successful free but pitily not libre tool [volunteersignup](https://www.volunteersignup.org).
Here also belong these date finding and poll apps like [dudle](https://dudle.inf.tu-dresden.de) and [framadate](https://framadate.org/). Here also belong these date finding and poll apps like [dudle](https://dudle.inf.tu-dresden.de) and [framadate](https://framadate.org/).
## Communication ## Communication
Almost all digital communications available needs some kind of intermediary in the internet to establish connections. This is done using *servers* that are run by organizations run by *hosters*. That's why here the tool is even more closely related to the social environment that it created it than in standalone software. Almost all digital communications available needs some kind of intermediary in the internet to establish connections. This is done using *servers* that are run by organizations called *hosters*. That's why here the tool is even more closely related to the social environment that keps it running than in standalone software. As our organisations are based on communication, and all tools we use for communication influence the way we communicate it, the question on how we like to communicate digitally should be thoroughly deliberated.
The internet offers great possibilities for decentralized, federated communication. Some well known companies like to recentralize the net to gather all information about the citizen they can get for gaining profit and power. If we want to keep our data sovereignty we need to cooperate with hosters that stick to the key concepts of networking, that are decentralization, federation and transparency. Transparency is expressed by the strict use of FLOSS and the possibility to have a view inside the servers, to collaborate with the hosters. This is expressed with the *libre* within [librehoster](#lists-of-libre-hosters) and is comparable to the effects "volunteer" co-work on a CSA farm evolves.
### Content Management Systems (CMS)
All CMS of interest are libre software now. Next to [WordPress](https://wordpress.com) other CMS in use are:
- https://www.concrete5.org/
- https://hexo.io/
- https://gohugo.io/
### Email ### Email
Email is the oldest internet protocol. You can keep your communications with it quite well in self-controlled space if you cooperate with a [librehoster](#lists-of-libre-hosters) for your inbox.
According to the survey, the only offline client in use seems to be the libre software tool [Thunderbird](https://www.thunderbird.net) from [The Mozilla Foundation](https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/foundation/). The only named online mail client is [Roundcube](https://roundcube.net). It is recommended to use Thunderbird as client as it is much faster and has some additional features onlineclients can't offer, i.e. archiving functionality. According to the survey, the only offline client in use seems to be the libre software tool [Thunderbird](https://www.thunderbird.net) from [The Mozilla Foundation](https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/foundation/). The only named online mail client is [Roundcube](https://roundcube.net). It is recommended to use Thunderbird as client as it is much faster and has some additional features onlineclients can't offer, i.e. archiving functionality.
### Emaillists ### Emaillists
Next to googlegroups [mailman](http://www.list.org/) and https://www.sympa.org are used for mailinglist functionality. Sending emails to all or parts of the membership is core funtionality of all dedicatedSFS tools. Mailchimp is a advanced all-in-one newsletter solution, and is integrated by ACPAdmin for sending the weekling list of distributed vegetables. Next to googlegroups [Mailman](http://www.list.org/) and [Sympa](https://www.sympa.org) are used for mailinglist functionality.
Sending emails to all or parts of the membership is core funtionality of all dedicated SFS tools.
Mailchimp is a advanced all-in-one newsletter solution and is integrated by ACPAdmin for sending the weekling list of distributed vegetables.
### Messaging ### Messaging
The future of messaging if decentralized. You can choose from The future of messaging if decentralized. You can choose from
- https://matrix.org (most sophisticated protocol, team and personal chatting, bridges to almost all other platforms available) - https://matrix.org (most sophisticated protocol, team and personal chatting, bridges to almost all other platforms available)
- https://rocket.chat (Best UX) - https://rocket.chat (Best UX)
- https://signal.org (Uses standard mobile numbers as identifiers) - https://signal.org (Uses standard mobile numbers as identifiers)
### Forums ### Forums
Forum-like fuctionailty a lot find in facebook and google. Some other make good experience with the FLOSS https://discourse.org/ and https://www.phpbb.com/ Forum-like fuctionailty a lot find in facebook and google. Some other make good experience with the FLOSS [Discourse](https://discourse.org/) and the aging [phpBB](https://www.phpbb.com).
One Solawi ist also using the proprietary tool https://muut.com/ One Solawi ist also using the proprietary tool [muut](https://muut.com).
### Social media ### Social media
Facebook was born dead. The future belongs to the [Fediverse](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fediverse) Facebook was born dead. The future belongs to the [Fediverse](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fediverse).
### Content Management Systems (CMS)
All CMS of interest are libre software now. Next to [WordPress](https://wordpress.com) other CMS in use are:
- https://www.concrete5.org/
- https://hexo.io/
- https://gohugo.io/
### Cloud services ### Cloud services
Next to the conventional gdrive and dropbox the FLOSS [Nextcloud](https://nextcloud.com/) is used by several CSAs. It not only enables filesharing (very soon also with end-to-end rncryption) but also for sharing of contacts, calendars and tasks. Even online collaborative document editing and video calls work on well set up servers. It is provided by https://nimmerland.berlin/ and a core offer of most other libre hosters. Next to the conventional gdrive and dropbox the FLOSS [Nextcloud](https://nextcloud.com/) is used by several CSAs. It not only enables filesharing (very soon also with end-to-end rncryption) but also for sharing of contacts, calendars and tasks. Even online collaborative document editing and video calls work on well set up servers. It is provided by [Nimmerland](https://nimmerland.berlin) and a core offer of most libre hosters.
## Providers for online communication ## Providers for online communication
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